Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, U711, Paris, France.
The methylation status of the O6-methylguanine-methyltransferase promoter (MGMTP) was evaluated in 68 low-grade gliomas treated by neoadjuvant temozolomide. Methylated MGMTP was detected in 63 of 68 (92.6 %) patients and was a favorable predictor of progression-free survival as compared with unmethylated MGMTP tumors (p < 0.0001). Assessment of MGMTP status could help identifying low-grade gliomas patients more likely to respond to chemotherapy or to benefit from MGMT depletion strategies. Ann Neurol 2006;60:740-743.