1: Cancer 2003 Feb 1;97(3):657-62 Related Articles, Links
Brandes AA, Vastola F, Basso U, Berti F, Pinna G, Rotilio A, Gardiman M, Scienza R, Monfardini S, Ermani M.
Department of Medical Oncology, Azienda Ospedale-Universita, Padova, Italy.
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients (age > 65 years) with glioblastoma multiforme frequently are excluded from clinical studies, and prospective trials for patients with this age group do not exist to date.
METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective trial in 79 consecutive elderly patients with glioblastoma who underwent surgery and received radiotherapy (59.44 grays in 33 fractions; Group A; n = 24 patients) or received the same radiotherapy plus adjuvant chemotherapy with procarbizine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV; lomustine 110 mg/m(2) on Day 1, procarbazine 60 mg/m(2) on Days 8-21, and vincristine 1.4 mg/m(2) on Days 8 and 29 every 42 days; Group B; n = 32 patients), or received the same radiotherapy plus adjuvant temozolomide (150 mg/m(2) for 5 days every 28 days; Group C; n = 22 patients).
RESULTS: The median time to disease progression (TTP) and median survival MST were 7.2 months (95% confidence interval [95%CI], 6.34-8.64) and 12.5 months (95%CI, 11.6-14.8), respectively. The TTP was significantly better for Group C compared with Groups A and B (10.7 months vs. 5.3 months and 6.9 months, respectively; P = 0.0002). Karnofsky performance status (KPS) (P < 0.001) and temozolomide (P < 0.001) were the only independent prognostic factors. Overall survival was better in Group C compared with Group A (14.9 months vs. 11.2 months; P = 0.002), but there were no statistical differences found between Groups A and B or between Groups B and C. Only KPS (P < 0.001) was predictive of overall survival, even if temozolomide chemotherapy was very close to the significance level (P = 0.058). Hematologic Grade 3-4 toxicity was higher with the PCV chemotherapy regimen compared with the temozolomide chemotherapy regimen.
CONCLUSIONS: Age alone should not preclude appropriate treatment in elderly patients with good performance status, for whom definitive radiation therapy and adjuvant chemotherapy with temozolomide is advised. Cancer 2003;97:657-62. Copyright 2003 American Cancer Society.DOI 10.1002/cncr.11097
PMID: 12548608 [PubMed - in process]